What is Stomach Balloon?
A gastric balloon is a balloon made of silicone that is inflated with air or liquid. This method aims to give a feeling of satiety and weaken it by leaving the sedation balloon endoscopic in the stomach cavity and creating a mass effect. More broadly, it is the restriction of food intake by endoscopic placement of a water-filled balloon into the stomach of the patient and the patient losing weight by this procedure. Although it is a very easy method, it is a procedure that should be considered because it severely restricts food intake, but does not cause a change in the feeling of hunger. Although it is a preferred method for the patient group, generally called super obesity, it is not classified as surgery. It is seen as an easy and effective method for a short time, since a balloon is placed inside the stomach of the patients and this procedure is performed in sedation, that is, half asleep. Especially, if patients undergo an extra bariatric surgery in the future, gastric balloon procedure is performed with the aim of losing some weight before this procedure.
Implementation Process of Gastric Balloon Procedure
Generally, in patients who are subject to the procedure, a physical examination is performed first and it is understood whether they are physically suitable for the gastric balloon procedure. After evaluating whether the stomachs of the patients who are physically suitable for the procedure are suitable for the procedure, the patients are taken into the procedure. Although it is called surgery, gastric balloon operation is not surgery. Although there is no surgical intervention, the procedure is performed only under sedation and takes approximately 15-20 minutes, except in extreme cases. If there is no obstacle to the application in the stomach of the patient, it is entered endoscopically and the balloon determined according to the size of the stomach is placed. After the balloon is inserted, it is filled with up to 700 milliliters of liquid, also called methylene blue. The most important thing to know before the procedure is that the patient should be hungry. Eating and drinking must be stopped at least 6 hours before. Although it is known that patients should come to the procedure without drinking water, the use of blood thinners should be stopped about 1 week before the procedure. After the application process, patients usually experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or stomach cramps and contractions. Generally, these complaints are expected to pass within a week, but in some cases the periods can be reduced to 2-3 days, in some cases up to 10 days. This situation also varies according to the patient.
Who is Gastric Balloon Performed?
It is known as the choice of many patients who have a body mass index of around 27-35, cannot adapt to a different obesity surgery and want to lose weight in a healthy way. After calculating the total body weight and body mass index of the patients, it is decided how long the gastric balloon will be used and then the procedure is applied.
Diet Process After Gastric Balloon Operation:
The procedure is generally preferred for people who have difficulty in dieting or who cannot gain healthy eating habits despite the diet they follow. Although gastric balloon is not a surgical procedure, it is not a procedure that helps weight loss or provides weight loss alone. In addition, exercise and diet should be done. In the progress of the procedure, patients have time to make their diets healthy and get used to it, and at the same time to organize their daily lives by doing sports.
How Long Does the Gastric Balloon Stay in the Body?
Although they have 6 month and 1 year options, they are very effective in terms of the results of the diets applied by the patients. Since it covers the stomach, the gastric balloon process, which provides the stomach more quickly, also occludes the mouth part of the stomach and ensures slower digestion of food over a longer period of time. This usually helps patients feel full for longer. It is known as a very good method, especially for people who do not prefer an operation that may cause difficulties in the long recovery process. One of the best aspects of the procedure is that it is definitely not an operation, but it gives the patients healthy eating habits. Thanks to the ability to gain this habit, it is known that it is very difficult for patients to regain their weight after the effect of the balloon ends. This situation also shows how healthy the process is, especially in the long run.
What Types of Balloons Are There?
There are two types of balloons; Those that are left in the stomach for 6 months and those that can be adjusted after 12 months. The decision is made in accordance with the patient's preference and the recommendations of the practitioner. While short-term balloons are generally chosen for those with stomach complaints; 12-month and adjustable type may be preferred for more tolerant patients. In both balloon applications, patients can be given drugs that reduce stomach acid and prevent nausea. 12-month balloons can be inflated and lowered depending on the weight loss speed, thanks to their adjustable features.
Are There Any Side Effects of Gastric Balloon?
The most common side effect of gastric balloon application is nausea and vomiting. However, these symptoms subside within a week at the latest. If vomiting continues, the patient should consult his doctor. Although rare, the balloon can be removed from the stomach in patients in whom the balloon is incompatible. If the balloon adjustable silicone is used, lowering the
balloon a little more is sufficient to allow the complaints to pass. Gastric balloon side effect and risk is a very low procedure.
Soft consistency foods are consumed in the first two weeks after the intra-gastric balloon is inserted. Generally, a diet is taken away from fatty and sugary foods, small meals but often. Foods such as fish, chicken, fiber foods, meat, eggs, limited fruit, not too hot tea and linden can be consumed. However, chocolate, cake, pastry, acidic drinks and heavy fried foods should be avoided.
What is Stomach Balloon?